E-BOOK: Search for the Great Truths

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The Edgars Imants Siliņš' book “Search for the Great Truths” presents a collection of philosophical essays on the history of paradigms and ideas. The leitmotif of these essays is the principle of complementarity, contained in the postulate ”A Great Truth is a truth whose opposite is also a Great Truth”, or “Contraria sunt complementa”, i.e. ’’opposites complement each other”.

The complementarity principle was formulated by the Danish physicist and thinker Niels Bohr in 1927. It has since become one of the basic postulates of 20th century science. However, the roots of this principle may be found already in the ancient Chinese Taoist philosophy of opposites, visualised in the Yin-Yang symbol.

Accordingly, the essays reflect the history of ideas and paradigms in the search for the Great Truths from times as early as the ancient Chinese Taoist philosophy and Zen-Buddhism up to the most modern fields of science, such as quantum physics, synergetics, chaos theory, fractal geometry, cosmology and other integral spheres of knowledge.

The essays represent an attempt to follow, along the time-vertical, the changes in and the continuity of opposite paradigms, and disclose the archetypical structures in these changes, as well as the unvarying time-independent elements.

The second important aspect of the studies pursued in the present essays is to unveil the synchronous appearance inside the same time-horizontal of ideas and paradigms characteristic of a certain period in various spheres of human spiritual activities, such as science, humanities, myths and religions of various peoples, as well as various branches of the fine arts: literature, painting, music, architecture (in East and West). The author strives to detect the structural isomorphism, the inner similarity of ideas and paradigms, which syncretically form a unified cultural stratum of a certain period.

Thus a peculiar metaphorical “Indra’s mesh” is shown to be formed by these verticals and horizontals of time, uniting the total cultural inheritance of Humanity in time and space.

The essays show, in their course along the variegated paths of the search for the truths, that it is necessary to apply the whole range of human thought and our ways of cognising the world, in order to arrive at the Great Truths. The capacity of rational thinking has to be complemented by intuitive and irrational components. Visually figurative thinking, based on the logic of metaphors, has to be added to the logically analytical mode of man’s thought. Traditional reductionism has to be combined with a holistic approach to our world view; paradoxical logic has to be added to formal logic in the search for new paradigms. Or, speaking in the more general context of the history of culture, the traditional Western rationalism requires the addition of its opposite, namely a holistic approach to understanding the world.

The essays demonstrate, how the Newtonian determinacy – which had reigned in the West up to the end of the 19-th century – was complemented by its opposite: indeterminacy (the uncertainty principle), and how this pair of opposites constitutes the basis of modern physics and of other natural sciences. Another philosophical pair of opposites in the Great Truths: the categories of necessity and chance, is treated in terms of the modern theory of synergetics, as well as in connection with the problem of fate and free will and their role in human life.

Another pair of opposites, that of chaos and order, are of fundamental importance in the dynamics of complex systems, in the theory of chaos and in fractal geometry. It is shown that only open systems, both in animate and inanimate nature, as well as in human society, are adaptive, self-organising and capable of development.

This self-organising evolution takes place under conditions of limited or determinate chaos. It manifests itself in biological morphogenesis, as well as in creative processes of human consciousness. This approach is applied in particular in the description of the cosmological evolution scenario, starting from the Big Bang (ca. 15 billion years ago), through the treatment of the Earth’s chemical and biological evolution, up to the unique place that homo sapiens occupies this evolution.

The essays place particular importance on the assertion that the science of our day has come to the conviction and proofs of the existence of a non-material, spiritual world, of a sovereign existence of both the spiritual and material worlds, both being mutually complementary, opposing halves of the Great Truths.

It is also shown in the essays, that acceptance of only half of the Great Truths leads such “only truths” into erroneous blind alleys, into the trap of the “only right” belief.

Such “only truths”, without a complementary opposite, is only a half-truth, which provides a fertile ground for crippling dogmatism, sectarianism, fanaticism and totalitarian ideology. The preachers of only truths and the militant transformers of the world have brought the world to the most fatal and most tragic cataclysms, to manifold religious wars, to the monsters of 20-th century totalitarianism in the horrors of nazism and communism and their empires of evil, which have taken millions of human lives.

The book contains 92 essays, all united by the leitmotif of the search for the Great Truths. Each essay is self-contained and may be read independently of the others, which accounts for and explains certain repetitions occurring in them, aimed at relieving the reader from looking into previous chapters.

In accordance with the author’s view on the importance and richness in content of visual information, in preference to that of the printed word, the book of essays is amply illustrated, presenting 147 illustrations, half of them coloured.

The book presents the results of seven years of creative work, and it is based on extensive studies of a broad range of literature, partly quoted in over 200 references.

The book represents the subjective views of the author on the world and the happenings therein, based on experience gained in the course of quite a number of decades in scientific research and in studies in the philosophy of science.

The book is addressed to a wide circle of readers interested in modern fundamental philosophical problems about Nature and the human Spirit.

 

Professor Edgars Imants Siliņš (Edgar Silinsh) is the most cited Latvian scientist in the world and the most popular and world-acclaimed Latvian physicist. E Siliņš has defined the scientific basis for the physics of organic molecular crystals and created framework of electronic-state energetic-structure physics of organic crystals and physics of photogeneration and transfer mechanisms of charge carriers.

 

Read more about the author from http://www.edgarssilins.com/

 

This E-book is in EPUB format, which allows you to display it any ebook reader, incl Kindle. 

ISBN 978-9949-9215-8-4

 

 

 

E-BOOK sample: Search for the Great Truths (0,00 KB)

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